Unfortunately, there is not one medical test (like a blood test) to confirm a diagnosis under the FASD umbrella. FASD can be diagnosed by a team of professionals assessing four specific areas:
- Growth issues
- Brain function and structure
- Facial features
- Prenatal alcohol history
Depending on the clinic, the diagnostic process can take 3-6 hours and includes:
- History (Clinic Care Coordinator)
A comprehensive history of the problem and any evidence of prenatal alcohol exposure is discussed.
- Physical Exam (Medical Provider)
Measurements of the head, face and growth are taken along with a complete physical exam.
- Neurodevelopmental Assessment (Psychologist, Speech Therapist and Occupational Therapist)
Comprehensive testing is done to evaluate 10 different brain functions including memory, executive functioning and motor skills.
- Diagnosis (Diagnostic Team)
All assessments are reviewed by the diagnostic team and evaluated to see if they meet the criteria for a diagnosis under the FASD umbrella.
- Evaluation Report (Diagnostic Team)
A summary of the findings is prepared along with any specific recommendations for follow up support and treatment. Information about CINOFAS is distributed.